About MM Research, Inc.

MM Research, Inc. has been providing simulation software and consulting services to the Optics industry since 1992. We specialize in analytical and numerical analysis of physical optics problems; these include:

  • Propagation of laser beams in free space and through homogeneous media
  • Interaction of light with isotropic, birefringent, and optically active materials
  • Scalar and vector diffraction
  • Reflection, absorption, and transmission of coherent beams from multilayer structures
  • Diffraction of light from gratings and other patterned surfaces
  • Ellipsometry and polarimetry
  • Optics of uniaxial and biaxial crystals
  • Optics of high-numerical-aperture systems
  • Coherent and incoherent imaging systems
  • Electro-optical and magneto-optical effects and sensors
  • Optical microscopy (phase-contrast, polarized-light, Nomarsky, scanning, ...)
  • Electron microscopy (Fresnel, Foucault, differential phase-contrast, ...)
  • Polarization-sensing in optical systems
  • Wavefront analysis and interferometry
  • Optical disk data storage (compact disk, digital video disk, CD-Recordable, write-once-read-many, magneto-optical, phase-change erasable, ...)
  • Thermal aspects of laser beam interaction with matter
  • Photodetection and noise analysis (shot noise, thermal noise, avalanche noise, ...)

MM Research, Inc. strives to bring the latest developments in the fields of physical optics and numerical analysis to bear on the work of engineers/scientists involved in industrial/academic research and development. Our software packages have helped many students of optics and designers of optical systems to understand, analyze, and optimize diverse optical systems.

DIFFRACT is developed by Professor M. Mansuripur of the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona. Details of the numerical and analytical techniques used in this program as well as several application examples may be found in the following publications.

  1. M. Mansuripur, Classical Optics and its Applications, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom, 2002.
  2. M. Mansuripur, The Physical Principles of Magneto-optical Recording, Cambridge University Press, London, 1995.
  3. M. Mansuripur, "Certain Computational Aspects of Vector Diffraction Problems", Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol.6, No.5, 786-805 (1989). See also erratum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol.10, No.2, 382-383 (1993).
  4. M. Mansuripur, "Distribution of Light at and Near the Focus of High Numerical Aperture Objectives", Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol.3, No.12, 2086-2093 (1986). See also erratum, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 10, 382-383 (1993).
  5. M. Mansuripur, "Analysis of multilayer thin film structures containing magneto-optic and anisotropic media at oblique incidence using 2 ´ 2 matrices," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 6466-6475 (1990).
  6. M. Mansuripur, "Analysis of Astigmatic Focusing and Push-Pull Tracking Error Signals in Magneto-Optical Disk Systems", Applied Optics 26, No.18, 3981-3986 (1987).
  7. M. Mansuripur and C. Pons, "Diffraction Modeling of Optical Path for Magneto-Optical Disk Systems", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.899, 56-60 (1988).
  8. . M. Mansuripur, "Computer Modeling of Optical Storage Media and Systems", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.1316, 70-80 (1990).
  9. M. Mansuripur, "Effects of High-Numerical-Aperture Focusing on the State of Polarization in Optical and Magneto-Optic Data Storage Systems," Applied Optics, Vol.30, No.22, 3154-3162 (1991).
  10. J.S. Hartman, M.A. Lind, and M. Mansuripur, "Read Channel Optical Modeling for a Bump Forming Dye-Polymer Optical Data Storage Medium", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 1078, 308-323 (1989).
  11. B.E. Bernacki and M. Mansuripur, "Investigation of substrate birefringence effects on optical-disk performance", Applied Optics 32, 6547-6555 (1993).
  12. B.E. Bernacki and M. Mansuripur, "Causes of focus error feedthrough in optical disk systems: astigmatic and obscuration methods," Applied Optics 33, 735-743 (1994).
  13. S. Sugaya and M. Mansuripur, "Effects of substrate birefringence on focusing and tracking servo signals in magneto-optical disk data storage," Applied Optics 33, 5073-5079 (1994).
  14. S. Sugaya and M. Mansuripur, "Effect of tilted ellipsoid of birefringence on readout signal in magneto-optical disk data storage," Applied Optics 33, 5999-6008 (1994).
  15. R.E. Gerber and M. Mansuripur, "Effects of substrate birefringence and tilt on the irradiance and phase patterns of the return beam in magneto­optical disk data storage," Applied Optics 34, 4780-4787 (1995).
  16. T.D. Goodman and M. Mansuripur, "Optimization of groove depth for cross-talk cancellation in the scheme of land-groove recording in magneto-optic disk systems," Applied Optics 35, 1107-1119 (1996).
  17. T.D. Goodman and M. Mansuripur, "Subtle effects of the substrate in optical disk data storage systems," Applied Optics 35, 6747-6753 (1996).
  18. R.E. Gerber and M. Mansuripur, "Tilt correction in an optical disk system," Applied Optics 35, 7000-7007 (1996).
  19. Y.C. Hsieh and M. Mansuripur, "Image contrast in polarization microscopy of magneto-optical disk data storage media through birefringent plastic substrates," Applied Optics 36, 4839-4852 (1997).
  20. C.L. Bartlett, D. Kay, and M. Mansuripur, "Computer simulations of effects of disk tilt and lens tilt on push-pull tracking error signal in an optical disk drive," Applied Optics 36, 8467-8473 (1997).
  21. C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, W.M. Kim, and S.G. Kim, "Edge detection in phase-change optical data storage," Applied Physics Letters 71, 2088-2090 (1997).
  22. J.H. Yoo, C.W. Lee, D.H. Shin, C. Bartlett, K. Cheong, J.K. Erwin, and M. Mansuripur, "Investigation of certain diffraction effects in an optical disk," Applied Optics 36, 9287-9295 (1997).
  23. M. Mansuripur, "Vector diffraction theory of focusing in systems of high numerical aperture," Optics & Photonics News, 72-75, March 1992.
  24. M. Mansuripur, "Some Quirks of Total Internal Reflection," Optics & Photonics News, 36-39, February 1997.
  25. M. Mansuripur, "Fabry-Perot Etalons in Polarized Light," Optics & Photonics News, 39-44, March 1997.
  26. M. Mansuripur, "The Talbot Effect," Optics & Photonics News, 42-47, April 1997.
  27. M. Mansuripur, "What in the World are Surface Plasmons?" Optics & Photonics News, 50-55, May 1997.
  28. M. Mansuripur, "Internal Conical Refraction," Optics & Photonics News, 43-45, June 1997.
  29. M. Mansuripur, "The Ronchi Test," Optics & Photonics News, 42-46, July 1997.
  30. M. Mansuripur, "External Conical Refraction," Optics & Photonics News, 50-52, August 1997.
  31. M. Mansuripur, "The Method of Fox and Li," Optics & Photonics News, 38-41, September 1997.
  32. M. Mansuripur, "Coherent and Incoherent Imaging," Optics & Photonics News, 40-44, October 1997.
  33. M. Mansuripur, "Zernike?s Method of Phase Contrast," Optics & Photonics News, 40-43, November 1997.
  34. M. Mansuripur, "Michelson?s Stellar Interferometer," Optics & Photonics News, 40-43, January 1998.
  35. M. Mansuripur, "Abbe?s Sine Condition," Optics & Photonics News, 56-60, February 1998.
  36. M. Mansuripur, "Holography and Holographic Interferometry," Optics & Photonics News, March 1998.
  37. M. Mansuripur and E. M. Wright, "Self-focusing in Nonlinear Optical Media," Optics & Photonics News, 43-47, April 1998.
  38. M. Mansuripur, L. Li and Y.H. Yeh, "Scanning Optical Microscopy: parts I and II," Optics & Photonics News, 56-59 May 1998, and 42-45, June 1998.
  39. M. Mansuripur, "Reciprocity in Classical Linear Optics," Optics & Photonics News, 53-58, July 1998.
  40. M. Mansuripur, "The Ewald-Oseen Extinction Theorem," Optics & Photonics News, 50-55, August 1998.
  41. M. Mansuripur, "Evanescent Coupling: parts I and II," Optics & Photonics News, 59-62, September 1998, and 35-38, October 1998.
  42. M. Mansuripur, "Polarization Microscopy," Optics & Photonics News, November 1998.
  43. M. Mansuripur, "First-order Temporal Coherence in Classical Optics," Optics & Photonics News, 44-49, January 1999.
  44. M. Mansuripur and E. Wright, "Linear Optical Vortices," Optics & Photonics News, February 1999.
  45. M. Mansuripur and E. Wright,"Geometric-Optical Rays, Poynting’s Vector, and Field Momenta," Optics & Photonics News, 53-56, March 1999.
  46. M. Mansuripur, "The Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor," Optics & Photonics News, 48-51, April 1999.
  47. M. Mansuripur, "Laser Heating of Multilayer Stacks," Optics & Photonics News, 55-60, May 1999.
  48. M. Mansuripur, "The van Cittert-Zernike Theorem," Optics & Photonics News, 38-42, June 1999.
  49. M. Mansuripur, Lifeng Li, and W. H. Yeh, "Diffraction Gratings: Part I," Optics & Photonics News, 42-46, July 1999.
  50. M. Mansuripur, Lifeng Li, and W. H. Yeh,"Diffraction Gratings: Part II," Optics & Photonics News, 44-48, August 1999.
  51. M. Mansuripur, "Nomarski's Differential Interference Contrast Microscope," Optics & Photonics News, 34-37, September 1999.
  52. M. Mansuripur, "The Van Leeuwenhoek Microscope," Optics & Photonics News, 39-42, October 1999.
  53. M. Mansuripur, "The Faraday Effect," Optics & Photonics News, November 1999.
  54. M. Mansuripur, "Partial polarization, Stokes parameters, and the Poincarè sphere," Optics & Photonics News 11, (January 2000).
  55. M. Mansuripur and R. Liang, "Projection Photolithography," Optics & Photonics News 11, (February 2000).
  56. M. Mansuripur, "Bracewell's Interferometric Telescope," Optics & Photonics News 11, (March 2000).
  57. M. Mansuripur, "Ellipsometry," Optics & Photonics News 11, (April 2000).
  58. M. Mansuripur, "Fourier Optics: Parts 1 and 2," Optics & Photonics News 11, (May, June 2000).
  59. M. Mansuripur, E. M. Wright, and M. Fallahi, "The Beam Propagation Method," Optics & Photonics News 11, (July 2000).
  60. M. Mansuripur, "The Magneto-optical Kerr Effect," Optics & Photonics News 11, (October 2000).
  61. M. Mansuripur, "Rewritable Optical Disk Technologies," Proceedings of SPIE, Critical Technologies for the Future of Computing, Vol. 4109, 162-176 (2000).
  62. M. Mansuripur, "Gaussian Beam Optics," Optics & Photonics News 12, (January 2001).
  63. M. Mansuripur and E. M. Wright, "Spatial Optical Solitons," Optics & Photonics News 12, (April 2001).
  64. M. Mansuripur, "Launching light into a fiber," Optics & Photonics News 12, 56-59 (August 2001).
  65. M. Mansuripur, "Omni-directional dielectric mirrors," Optics & Photonics News 12, 46-50 (September 2001).
  66. M. Mansuripur, "The uncertainty principle in classical optics," Optics & Photonics News 13, 44-48 (January 2002).
  67. M. Mansuripur, "Doppler Shift, Stellar Aberration, and Convection of Light by Moving Media," Optics & Photonics News 13, 52-56 (April 2002).
  68. M. Mansuripur and E. M. Wright, "The Optics of Semiconductor Diode Lasers," Optics & Photonics News 13, 57-61 (July 2002).
  69. R. Liang, J. K. Erwin, and M. Mansuripur, "Variation on Zernike's phase-contrast microscope," Applied Optics 39, 2152-2158 (2000).
  70. J. Tesar, R. Liang, and M. Mansuripur, "Optical modeling combining geometrical ray tracing and physical-optics software," Opt. Eng. 39, 1845-1849 (2000).
  71. M. Mansuripur, R. Liang, and J. Tsujiuchi, "Simulation software for optical systems: DIFFRACT™ and its applications," (in Japanese), Optical Technology Contact 38, 147-156 (2000).
  72. R. Liang, J. Carriere, and M. Mansuripur, "Intensity, polarization, and phase information in optical disk systems," Applied Optics 41, 1565-1573 (2002).
  73. M. Mansuripur, A. R. Zakharian, and J. V. Moloney, "Interaction of light with subwavelength structures," Optics & Photonics News 13, 56-61 (March 2003).
  74. A. R. Zakharian, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, "Simulating near-field effects in high-density optical disk data storage," (invited feature article), Computing in Science & Engineering 5, No. 6, pp 15-21 (November/December 2003).
  75. M. Mansuripur, A. R. Zakharian, and J. V. Moloney, "Transmission of Light Through Small Elliptical Apertures, Parts 1 and 2," Optics & Photonics News, March, April 2004.


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  • Send a fax to: (520) 299-7996
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    MM Research, Inc.
    5748 N. Camino del Conde
    Tucson, Arizona 85718

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